Since there are two types of copper ore: sulfide ores and oxide ores, different techniques are used for copper extraction. Each of these ores have both a different extraction and processing technique. Sulfide ores typically are extracted through open pit mining, which uses drilling and explosive blasting to obtain the copper.
EXTRACTION OF COPPER FROM SULPHIDE ORE Large amount of copper are obtained from copper pyrite (CuFeS2) by smelting. Ores containing 4% or more copper are treated by smelting process. Very poor ores are treated by hydrometallurgical process. EXTRACTION OF COPPER BY SMELTING PROCESS Following steps are involved in the extraction of copper
Extraction of copper from suitable ore by leaching methods is generally assumed to cost less than the combined expense of concentration, smelting, and refining, and experimental data tend to confirm this opinion. At the ButteDuluth plant, which is handling in excess of 100 tons of oxidized ore daily, the copper is said to cost $0.085 per pound.
HYDROMETALLURGY OF COPPER This process is used for the extraction of copper from low grade sulfide ore. In this process, the crushed and ground ore in bulk (about 100,000 tons) is exposed to air and water in big tanks. The air in the presence of water gradually oxidizes copper and iron sulphides to their surphides.
8. Based on your three answers above, which method of copper extraction is the best? Justify your answer. 9. The average grade of copper ores worldwide right now is around 1.5% CuCO 3. Using the method you selected above, how much copper could you extract from one truckload of ore? A truckload is approximately 63 tons. (1 ton = 907,185 grams) 10.
Copper extraction refers to the methods used to obtaining copper from its ores. The conversion of copper consists of a series of physical and electrochemical processes. Methods have evolved and vary with country depending on the ore source, local environmental regulations, and other factors.
It briefly characterizes the geology of copper ores and the economics of the industry. The document describes copper ore extraction and beneficiation operations with specific reference to the waste and materials associated with these operations and the potential environmental effects that may result from leadzinc mining.
From their chemical formulas you can calculate the percentage of copper in each mineral. However this is not the same as the percentage of copper in the ore as that also contains unwanted silicates and other minerals, called gangue, that will have to be separated.
Copper is a reddis brown element and it is a metal. Its atomic number is 29 and atomic mass number is 63.5. The important ore of Copper is Copper pyrite, CuFeS 2. Introduction to extraction of copper from its ore. Extraction of copper from copper pyrites involves the following steps.3
The techniques for extraction of copper from oxidized ores are quite different from those employed for the sulfide ores. The oxidized ores, consisting of the silicates, carbonates and sulfates, are treated by several methods, all involving some form of leaching of the crushed ore with sulfuric acid to produce impure solutions of copper sulfate.
Copper can be extracted from nonsulfide ores by a different process involving three separate stages: Reaction of the ore (over quite a long time and on a huge scale) with a dilute acid such as dilute sulfuric acid to produce a very dilute copper(II) sulfate solution. Concentration of the copper(II) sulfate solution by solvent extraction.
Extracting copper from its ores. The method used to extract copper from its ores depends on the nature of the ore. Sulphide ores such as chalcopyrite are converted to copper by a different method from silicate, carbonate or sulphate ores. Getting copper from chalcopyrite, CuFeS 2
the extraction of metals an introduction This page looks at the various factors which influence the choice of method for extracting metals from their ores, including reduction by carbon, reduction by a reactive metal (like sodium or magnesium), and by electrolysis.
The Copper Ore Extraction Process The regular copper ore extraction process in the copper processing plant is crushing grinding flotation. Among copper ore extraction process, flotation is the main method to separate copper concentrate in industry.